
Course Description 

Course Name 
: 
Geophysics 

Course Code 
: 
J 403 

Course Type 
: 
Compulsory 

Level of Course 
: 
First Cycle 

Year of Study 
: 
4 

Course Semester 
: 
Fall (16 Weeks) 

ECTS 
: 
2 

Name of Lecturer(s) 
: 
Instructor HATİCE KARAKILÇIK 

Learning Outcomes of the Course 
: 
Learns the different applied geophysical methods with solving problems related to subsurface. Identifies the different parameters calculated at the geophysical measurements. Learns the detection of places of subsurface assets (mining, oil, water, etc.), Knows the importance of the geophysics at stage of the engineering structures, construction, maintenance and repair. Learns to apply which methods at the beforehand determination of earthquakes.


Mode of Delivery 
: 
FacetoFace 

Prerequisites and CoPrerequisites 
: 
None 

Recommended Optional Programme Components 
: 
None 

Aim(s) of Course 
: 
Students have comprehensive knowledge about the structure of the subsurface by the methods in the applied geophysics and to teach the importance of physics and mathematics in solving engineering problems related to subsurface.To create awareness about the applications of new and emerging profession. 

Course Contents 
: 
Introduction to Geophysics. Interpretation of Geophysical Data. Gravity, Magnetic, Geomagnetism, Paleomagnetism. Engineering Geophysics, Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods, (Natural or Self Potential, Misealamasse, Vertical Electrical Sounding, VLF, Telluric and Magnetic Methods), Seismology, Seismic (Seismic Refraction and Reflection Seismic Methods), Well Logs. 

Language of Instruction 
: 
Turkish 

Work Place 
: 
The classrooms of the faculty 


Course Outline /Schedule (Weekly) Planned Learning Activities 
 Week  Subject  Student's Preliminary Work  Learning Activities and Teaching Methods 

1 
Introduction to the geophysics, search and global geophysics.

The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

2 
Gravity Method. The basic principles and basic theory of gravity. Newton´s law of gravity, isostasy and gravity, the gravitational potential, gravity corrections are applied to this method, the earth gravity, gravity instruments, the absolute and relative gravity measurements, type of simple objects gravity anomalies (Fault, dyke, sphere, etc.), land applications and interpretation.

The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

3 
Magnetic Method. Basic theory of the magnetic field and the earth magnetism, Paleomagnetism, Magnetic devices, Earth´s magnetic measurement, the magnetic method correction, a simpleshaped magnetic effects, and interpretation of magnetic anomalies

The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

4 
Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods. Classification of electrical methods. CoPotential method. Misealamasse Method. Point Electrode Method. Parallel wire method.

The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

5 
Natural Potential (SP) Method. SP application of geothermal areas and mining surveys.

The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

6 
Resistivity Methods. Ohm´s Law. Conduction of electricity in rocks. Measurement of resistivity. Resistivity Instruments & Measurement system. Electrical Resistivity Sounding Method. Electrical Resistivity Profile Method. Parameters affecting of ground water.

The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

7 
Multielectrode apparent resistivity method and field applications (Faulty, mining, groundwater, freshwater and salty water, gap, soil properties, etc.). 
The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

8 
Midterm exam

Exam Preparation 
Written Exam 

9 
Introduction to Electromagnetic methods. VLF (Very Low Frequency) and GPR (Ground penetrating radar) methods.

The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related to web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

10 
Method Magnetotelluric (MT). TEM, CSAMT methods. 
The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

11 
Induction Polarization (IP) Method: IP the origin and polarity. Time domain and frequency domain analysis of IP. the noise sources of IP. The advantages and disadvantages of IP. Application of IP in the land. IP anomalies and interpretation. 
The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

12 
Seismic Methods. What is Seismic? Where seismic applied? Seismic Reflection and Refraction What is the oil occurs environments. LowVery Level (LVL). In Seismic Corrections. Seismic energy sources. 
The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

13 
Signal and noise. Seismic interpretation. Seismic methods application at seas.
Finding of soil parameters with seismic methods.

The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

14 
Welllogging. Natural potential log, resistivity logs, induction logs, Mikrolog, Sonic log, gamma ray log, neutron log, density log, temperature log 
The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations. 

15 
Welllogging. Natural potential log, resistivity logs, induction logs, Mikrolog, Sonic log, gamma ray log, neutron log, density log, temperature log 
The student reads about the lecture notes and searches related web sites. 
Lecture notes, powerpoint presentations 

16/17 
Midterm exam 
Exam Preparation 
Written Examination 



Required Course Resources 
 Resource Type  Resource Name 
 Recommended Course Material(s) 
Ergin, .K., . Applied Geophysics. İ.T.Ü. Minning Faculty publications, İstanbul.
Öztürk., K. Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods of Prospecting. İstanbul University Publication.
Kearey, P., and Brooks, M., 1990. An introduction to Geophysics, 2nd edition, Blackwell Sci.Publication.
Us.U, 1993. Seismic Methods and Introduction to interpret , TMMOB, Chamber of Geophysical Engineers.
Yüksel.S., 1991. NonSeismic Methods, gravity and magnetic, TPAO Publications.
Telford. W.M., Geldort. L.P., and Sheriff, R.E., 1990. Applied geophysics, 2nd Edition Combridge University pres.

 
 Required Course Material(s)  



Assessment Methods and Assessment Criteria 

Semester/Year Assessments 
Number 
Contribution Percentage 

Midterm Exams (Written, Oral, etc.) 
1 
60 

Homeworks/Projects/Others 
2 
40 

Total 
100 

Rate of Semester/Year Assessments to Success 
40 


Final Assessments

100 

Rate of Final Assessments to Success

60 

Total 
100 


 Contribution of the Course to Key Learning Outcomes 
 #  Key Learning Outcome  Contribution* 

1 
Thinks, interprets, analyzes and synthesizes geological events in 3D. 
5 

2 
Chooses and applies necessary methods and instruments for engineering applications 
4 

3 
Uses the information technology effectively. 
4 

4 
Designs and performs experiments, collects data and interprets the results. 
4 

5 
Works and undertakes responsibility in solving geological problems both individually and in multidiciplinary working groups 
4 

6 
Investigates to obtain scientific information, and uses data bases and other data sources actively. 
4 

7 
Has an awareness of life long learning; follows developments in science and technology to keep up to date 
5 

8 
Uses Fundamental Geological information, having necessary information in Mathematical and Natural sciences and employs theoretical and applied information in these areas in engineering solutions. 
5 

9 
Knows job related and ethical responsibilities, project management, office applications and safety, and realizes juridical responsibilities of engineering applications 
3 

10 
Knows the universal and societal effects of engineering solutions and applications. 
4 

11 
Has an awareness of entrepreneuring and innovative subjects; knows and finds solutions for the new century 
4 

12 
Identifies, formulizes and solves geological problems. 
5 

13 
Realizes the social effects of identified solutions for geological problems. 
5 

14 
Identifies, defines, formulizes and solves engineering problems. Chooses and applies the appropriate analytical and modelling techniques for this purpose. 
4 

15 
Investigates and reports all kinds of natural resources and geological hazards 
4 

16 
Initiates effective interactions in Turkish both orally and in written form, and speaks at least one foreign language 
3 

17 
Uses necessary techniques and instruments for geological applications 
4 

18 
Identifies rock types, draws geological maps and cross sections. 
3 

19 
Defines necessities in learning in scientific, social, cultural and artistic areas and improves himself/herself continuously. 
4 
 * Contribution levels are between 0 (not) and 5 (maximum). 


 Student Workload  ECTS 
 Works  Number  Time (Hour)  Total Workload (Hour) 
 Course Related Works 

Class Time (Exam weeks are excluded) 
14 
2 
28 

Out of Class Study (Preliminary Work, Practice) 
14 
2 
28 
 Assesment Related Works 

Homeworks, Projects, Others 
2 
1 
2 

Midterm Exams (Written, Oral, etc.) 
1 
2 
2 

Final Exam 
1 
2 
2 

Total Workload:  62 
 Total Workload / 25 (h):  2.48 
 ECTS Credit:  2 


